Extraction of Ejection Fraction from Echocardiography Notes for Constructing a Cohort of Patients having Heart Failure with reduced Ejection Fraction (HFrEF).
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Wagholikar KB1,2, Fischer CM3, Goodson A4, Herrick CD4, Rees M4, Toscano E4, MacRae CA5,6, Scirica BM5,6, Desai AS5,6, Murphy SN5,3,4.
- Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA. email@example.com.
- Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
- Partners Healthcare, Boston, MA, USA.
- Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
- Brigham Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is an important prognostic indicator of cardiovascular outcomes. It is used clinically to determine the indication for several therapeutic interventions. LVEF is most commonly derived using in-line tools and some manual assessment by cardiologists from standardized echocardiographic views. LVEF is typically documented in free-text reports, and variation in LVEF documentation pose a challenge for the extraction and utilization of LVEF in computer-based clinical workflows. To address this problem, we developed a computerized algorithm to extract LVEF from echocardiography reports for the identification of patients having heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) for therapeutic intervention at a large healthcare system. We processed echocardiogram reports for 57,158 patients with coded diagnosis of Heart Failure that visited the healthcare system over a two-year period. Our algorithm identified a total of 3910 patients with reduced ejection fraction. Of the 46,634 echocardiography reports processed, 97% included a mention of LVEF. Of these reports, 85% contained numerical ejection fraction values, 9% contained ranges, and the remaining 6% contained qualitative descriptions. Overall, 18% of extracted numerical LVEFs were ≤ 40%. Furthermore, manual validation for a sample of 339 reports yielded an accuracy of 1.0. Our study demonstrates that a regular expression-based approach can accurately extract LVEF from echocardiograms, and is useful for delineating heart-failure patients with reduced ejection fraction.